acabar de + infinitive

Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you MaestroKaplan 3,967 views. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. 0000059872 00000 n Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. ", Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Discuss something you just did or something that just happened using the Spanish verb, Remember the formula used to express the idea that someone just did something, Recognize the problem with using the grammatically correct. 0000010502 00000 n I've ended up signing up for that yoga class on Tuesdays. 0000012978 00000 n You have just invited many girls.

In my relationship with Luis, I always end up compromising. I have just eaten. 0000000016 00000 n Kwiziq Spanish is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2020, Using Cuánto + verb in exclamations about quantities, Por culpa de/gracias a = because of/thanks to, Using querría, quería and quisiera to politely say "I would like", Using había to say there was / there were. Kwiziq Spanish is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2020, Using poder in El pretérito Perfecto and El Pretérito Indefinido for "could" in past actions, Using Cuánto + verb in exclamations about quantities, Forming El Presente Progresivo with estar + gerund (present progressive), Forming El Imperfecto Progresivo with estar + gerund (imperfect progressive), Acabar de + [infinitive] = to have just done / just did something.

Let's see some examples: Acabo de dormir una siesta.

20. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. 0000058395 00000 n April has a Ph.D. in Spanish and has taught college-level Spanish for 10+ years. Here is the preterite conjugation of acabar: If the construction acabar de + infinitive is using one of the forms from this table, it means that someone finished doing something.

So, although you might be tempted to translate the sentence as 'Justo comí' that doesn't really work. 0000051726 00000 n The only problem with it is that it does not suggest that the action just happened, like the sentence 'Acabo de comer.' Generally with this construction we use either El Presente or El Pretérito Imperfecto as you can see in the examples above. I ended up buying that expensive dress.

Christina has just spoken with my mom. Subjunctive II: Conjugating regular and stem-changing verbs, 79. 0000036020 00000 n

0000041855 00000 n (What medications do I have to take?) x�b``0c``�b ��h��9 )A�0$ 3(f`�f�e���&~�K�f�-�C�� 3[ߴ� }�3�|�97�9vl|�-� �&������R�B�1I����H��"u�sL!���:F�� 230�z ���" ��� �A(� [Véase acabar de+infinitivo]-No acabo/termino de entenderlo — I don't quite understand it-No acaba de estar claro lo que me quieres decir — It's still not quite clear to me what you are trying to say-No me acaba de convencer — I'm not completely/totally convinced I just took a nap. María has just eaten. 0000036523 00000 n 0000003455 00000 n You have just eaten. Write the correct word. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Las niñas acaban de hacerte un pastel. We just went skating. (What medications do I have to take?) 0000001991 00000 n The retirees had just arrived to Benidorm when the storm started. She ended up giving him the money he was asking. ���a��5�p�\��Bq5�ѳ!��NX�]3���ZT*��w�i#�)�k-|�~x��%�r��b��5��T�e��n:'Y�X��^"� �bR*S`��Q�9F/���8=߿ ��?wƁ JF�4 �a|��# s�À�@�_w���L/7(��"�XNYa�s�,k�s9�ɐP�崍��Ɓ~D�RR��Q��ޠ�'J�{HT��.

So, when you say 'Acabo de comer,' what you were literally saying is that 'I am finishing eating.' 0000048340 00000 n Volver a + infinitive.

This common Spanish expression combines the verb acabar (to finish) and the preposition de (of) to express the idea of having just done something in the very recent past.

courses that prepare you to earn Bueno, ¡acabas de aprender a usar 'acabar de + infinitivo!' A simple explanation of "Using acabar/terminar + [infinitive/gerund] = to end up doing something". (I just read Simon Bolivar's biography.) 0000048695 00000 n In Spanish, if you want to convey the idea that someone just did something, you use the construction acabar de + infinitive. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website.

', However, this sentence cannot be translated word-for-word into Spanish. Tú acabas de comer. 0000001456 00000 n If you use the preterite tense, it changes the meaning of the phrase: acabar (in the preterite tense) + de + infinitive = to finish doing something. You just arrived!

0000006439 00000 n One such expression combines the verb ir (conjugated) with an infinitive. A. Anyone can earn 0000004911 00000 n Juan de comer. 0000055346 00000 n

él de comer.

You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Let's go back and take another look at the sentence with the verb in the preterite, 'Acabé de comer.' If the sentence in the preterite were translated into English, it would simply be 'I finished eating' without any reference as to how recently. María de comer. Answers to the Práctica con 'Acabar de + Infinitive' section: 1.

You just started another Spanish lesson!' 0000016948 00000 n The implication is that the action of the infinitve verb is in the very near past yet the verb (acabar) is generally (?) Log in here for access. Okay, now you'll be seeing some sentences in English. 5.

K�"o�������\wSY��H����Wz;̷'���6��jq��۟��m/�l������nG�k� ۓ)+��/ue!N>��t�f�{�Vh�1E�y�q8蛹4Β�/F)��bjéK[���_.������e?�_�w�aG��y'�$�M9wqz�j~U�+�> 3. 0000020595 00000 n 0000025680 00000 n acabar, comer. Juan sabe nadar. In this lesson, you learned how to express the idea that someone just did something or that something just happened using the following formula: acabar (in the present tense) + de + infinitive = to have just done something. no acabar/terminar de+infinitivo: negación atenuada, para indicar que la acción no ha llegado a realizarse completamente. Use this lesson to enhance your capacity to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.

So, if you wanted to say 'I just ate' in Spanish, you would say, 'Acabo de comer.'.

I just tooka nap. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. H��V�RG�����N���w/Il�]�����y4�\�%0����_��k$�Y9Y����}�=��4�uwz��z�I Don't leave so soon. 0000029484 00000 n 0000029204 00000 n

A. 'Acabo de comer' is the correct translation, despite the verb being in the present tense. Juanita finished watching the program. 26 chapters | Answer Key. Nosotros acabamos de leer el libro. Create your account. 9 0 obj<> endobj trailer Let's take a closer look at the construction to find out why 'Acabo de comer' is correct. For example, imagine that you are trying to catch a bus.

volver, leer. Acabar de + Infinitive. 0000052019 00000 n She ended up giving him the money he was asking. It is just pulling away from the bus stop and someone tells you, 'El autobús acaba de salir.' study Revise and improve your Spanish with detailed content, … 0000008320 00000 n

Saber vs Conocer / Pedir vs Preguntar, 78. In the sentence 'I just ate' the verb is in the past tense. In English, if you want to indicate that something happened a minute or two ago, you usually use the adverb 'just.'

A Juan le gustan los libros. Laura ended up obeying her father despite the argument. Juan knows how to swim. To do something again (vuelvo, vuelves, vuelve, volvemos, volvéis, vuelven) 19.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. 0000009474 00000 n debo de (to have to, to be obligated to): ¿Qué medicamentos debo de tomar? endstream endobj 10 0 obj<> endobj 11 0 obj<> endobj 13 0 obj<>/Font<>>>/DA(/Helv 0 Tf 0 g )>> endobj 14 0 obj<> endobj 15 0 obj<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 16 0 obj<> endobj 17 0 obj<> endobj 18 0 obj<> endobj 19 0 obj<> endobj 20 0 obj<> endobj 21 0 obj<> endobj 22 0 obj<>stream A Juan le gusta el libro. gaps and mistakes.

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