black rhino habitat

For the most part, these creatures are solitary. It stands 1.5 metres (5 feet) high at the shoulder and is 3.5 metres (11.5 feet) long. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). are not unknown. Black rhinoceroses were abundant about 1900; some estimates put their numbers at more than one million individuals. After breeding, the gestation period is 15 months, and a single calf is born. Unlike the other African species, black rhinos do not feed primarily on grass. Unfortunately, today they are restricted to small pockets of population in heavily guarded reserves. Omissions? Updates? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The black rhinoceros was originally widespread from the Cape of Good Hope to southwestern Angola and throughout eastern Africa as far as Somalia, parts of Ethiopia, and Sudan. White Rhinos and Black Rhinos are found throughout the continent of Africa. Now live in Namibia and South Africa. See if your geographic knowledge points north or south in this journey through Africa. The black rhinoceros occupies a variety of habitats, including open plains, sparse thorn scrub, savannas, thickets, and dry forests, as well as mountain forests and moorlands at high altitudes. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. Now live in Namibia and South Africa. South Africa and Namibia have more black rhinoceroses than any other countries, but the future of the animals outside parks and reserves is rather bleak. It is a selective browser, and grass plays a minor role in its diet. Home » Species » Black rhino, Southern Central black rhino Diceros bicornis minor East African black rhino ( D. b. michaeli ): Current stronghold is Kenya, with smaller numbers in northern Tanzania. +44 (0)20 7357 7474 |  info@savetherhino.org, For press enquiries & images, please contact our Communications Manager on Keeping these creatures in zoological institutions outside of Africa is extremely important, because even while in protected areas in Africa they are subject to illegal poaching. Rival males will spar with one another over breeding rights, and the strongest male will remain with the female for up to a few weeks at a time. South-western black rhino (D. b. bicornis): More adapted to arid and semi-arid savannahs. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Rhinos have not been domesticated in any way. It takes 2 years before the calf will be weaned, and it will stay with the mother until she has another calf. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Where water is available, drinking is regular and frequent; black rhinoceroses also dig for water in dry riverbeds. Registered Charity Number: 1035072. Where succulent plants, such as euphorbias, are abundant in dry habitats, it can survive without flowing water. Breeding programs are of extreme importance for the survival of the species, and the use of artificial insemination is invaluable to provide the most genetically diverse offspring. Population distribution of the Black Rhino ( Click for larger view) Black rhinos are the smaller of the two African rhino species. Home ranges commonly overlap, but fighting does occur during the breeding season and to protect calves. To this day, despite the prohibition of commercial trade, China is the biggest importer of rhino horn. In a zoological setting it is important to provide precise and proper nutrition. Black rhinoceros are generally thought to be solitary, with the only strong bond between a mother and her calf.

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