sumerian art wiki

Sumerian religion. Later, this role was supplanted by kings, but priests continued to exert great influence on Sumerian society. Other Sumerian and Akkadian deities adapted into the Hurrian pantheon include Ayas, the Hurrian counterpart to Ea; Shaushka, the Hurrian counterpart to Ishtar; and the goddess Ninlil,[38] whose mythos had been drastically expanded by the Babylonians. [16]:75 His primary consort was Ninhursag, the Sumerian goddess of the earth. [12]:37–41, The ancient Mesopotamians regarded the sky as a series of domes (usually three, but sometimes seven) covering the flat earth. Ancient Orient Museum, Turkey.jpg, Limestone foundation peg of Lugal-kisal-si, from Uruk, Iraq. The primordial saltwater sea was named Nammu, who became known as Tiamat during and after the Sumerian Renaissance. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Berlin.jpg, Egyptian statue of..., Old Kingdom (?) c. 4000 - 2339 B.C.E. [13]:178–179 As a result of this, Sumerian deities began to lose their original associations with nature and became the patrons of various cities. 2600-2400 BCE. Sumerian male worshipper, from Iraq, precise provenance unknown (purchase or donation). Until the advent of the legal, Sumerian city-states were under a virtually theocratic government controlled by various En or Ensí, who served as the high priests of the cults of the city gods. Iraq Museum.jpg, Statue of a Sumerian seated worshiper from Tell Asmar.jpg, Statue of male worshipper from Tell Asmar.jpg, Statuette of a Sumerian female worshiper from Diyala Region or Ur, Iraq.jpg, Sumeri, testa di re shulgi, in quarzite, mica e clorite, 2029-1982 ac ca.jpg, Sumerian - Dedication Nail - Walters 481457 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Deity Holding a Foundation Peg - Walters 54790 - Profile.jpg, Sumerian - Deity Holding a Foundation Peg - Walters 54790 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Gudea Cone - Walters 481459 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Gudea Cone - Walters 481460 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Gudea Cone - Walters 481461 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Headless Male Figures Wearing Kanaches - Walters 214 (2).jpg, Sumerian - Headless Male Figures Wearing Kanaches - Walters 214 - 3 Back.jpg, Sumerian - Headless Male Figures Wearing Kanaches - Walters 214 - Back.jpg, Sumerian - Headless Male Figures Wearing Kanaches - Walters 214 - Right Side.jpg, Sumerian - Headless Male Figures Wearing Kanaches - Walters 214 - Three Quarter Right.jpg, Sumerian - Headless Male Figures Wearing Kanaches - Walters 214.jpg, Sumerian - Land Transfer Document - Walters 41107 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Lipit Ishtar Cone - Walters 481454 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Lipit Ishtar Cone - Walters 481455 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Lipit Ishtar Cone - Walters 481458 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 (2).jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - Back.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - Bottom.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - Left Side.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - Right Side.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - Three Quarter Back.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - Three Quarter Left.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - Three Quarter Right.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Male Worshiper - Walters 215.jpg, Sumerian - Protoliterate Tablet - Walters 41219 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Record of Temple Workers - Walters 481767 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Relief Fragment with Male Figures Carrying Goats Before a Ruler - Walters 217 (2).jpg, Sumerian - Relief Fragment with Male Figures Carrying Goats Before a Ruler - Walters 217.jpg, Sumerian - Stone Foundation Tablet with an Inscription of Gudea - Walters 41220 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Stone Foundation Tablet with Inscription of Gudea - Walters 41221 - View A.jpg, Sumerian - Ur-Bau Foundation Tablet - Walters 41106 - View A.jpg, Sumerian deity of Healing, Adapa, painting of a relief Wellcome M0007474.jpg, Sumerian Gallery of the Iraq Museum in Baghdad, Iraq.jpg, Sumerian scene, milking cows and making dairy products. [14] The middle dome of heaven was made of saggilmut stone and was the abode of the Igigi. The Sumerians were the first civilizing people to settle in the lands of southern Mesopotamia, draining the marshes for agriculture, starting trade, and establishing new forms of ancient pottery (first mass-produced bowls made at Uruk, about 4000 BCE), along with crafts like weaving, leatherwork and metalwork. [17] Instead, after a person died, his or her soul went to Kur (later known as Irkalla), a dark shadowy underworld, located deep below the surface of the earth. Wall plaque showing libations by devotees and a naked priest, to a seated god and a temple. Sumerian religion was the religion practiced and adhered to by the people of Sumer, the first literate civilization of ancient Mesopotamia. [16]:58 Nonetheless, there are assumptions according to which treasures in wealthy graves had been intended as offerings for Utu and the Anunnaki, so that the deceased would receive special favors in the underworld. [25]:58[26]:231–234 His primary consort was Ninlil, the goddess of the south wind,[27]:106 who was one of the matron deities of Nippur and was believed to reside in the same temple as Enlil. During the Akkadian Period and afterward, Inanna, the goddess of sex, beauty, and warfare, was widely venerated across Sumer and appeared in many myths, including the famous story of her descent into the Underworld. He was the father of Utu and one of the patron deities of Ur. Early Dynastic Period, c. 2600 BCE. Iraq Museum, Baghdad.jpg, Top register, Warka Vase, from Uruk, Iraq Museum.jpg, Top register, Warka Vase, Uruk, c. 3000 BCE, Iraq Museum.jpg, Top register, Warka Vase, Uruk. [22], During the late 2000s BC, the Sumerians were conquered by the Akkadians. These early deities were believed to occasionally behave mischievously towards each other, but were generally viewed as being involved in co-operative creative ordering. Help Smarthistory continue to make a difference, Help make art history relevant and engaging, Standard of Ur and other objects from the Royal Graves. [18][13]:184 All souls went to the same afterlife,[18] and a person's actions during life had no effect on how the person would be treated in the world to come. Priests were responsible for continuing the cultural and religious traditions of their city-state, and were viewed as mediators between humans and the cosmic and terrestrial forces. Sumerian religion was the religion practiced and adhered to by the people of Sumer, the first literate civilization of ancient Mesopotamia. Some remained virtually the same until later Babylonian and Assyrian rule. Humans were believed to have been created by Enki, the son of Nammu and An. Featured | Art that brings U.S. history to life, At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series. The ziggurat at Ur, supoosedly the city of the prophet Abraham's birth. [18] This bleak domain was known as Kur,[16]:114 and was believed to be ruled by the goddess Ereshkigal. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Berlin.jpg, Detail. Iraq Museum, Baghdad.jpg, Serpent of healing on Summerian vase dating from 2350 B.C. [16]:109 She was the divine personification of the planet Venus, the morning and evening star. Sumerian deities developed Akkadian counterparts. In later times, Ereshkigal was believed to rule alongside her husband Nergal, the god of death. [21], During the middle of the third millennium BC, Sumerian society became more urbanized. [13]:179–181 Powerful deities such as Enki and Inanna became seen as receiving their power from the chief god Enlil. The priesthood resided full-time in temple complexes, and administered matters of state including the large irrigation processes necessary for the civilization's survival. [13]:184 Nanna was god of the moon and of wisdom. First the underground world was believed to be an extension of the goddess Ki, but later developed into the concept of Kur. : Grave goods, the Mesopotamian afterlife, and the liminal role of Inana/Ištar", "Inanna/Ishtar as a Figure of Controversy", "Anunna (Anunnaku, Anunnaki) (a group of gods)", Sumerian Hymns from Cuneiform Texts in the British Museum, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sumerian_religion&oldid=982604271, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 05:21.

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