what is acrylonitrile used for

It's classified as an organic compound simply because it's mostly composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms. It is used to make certain plastics, rubbers, and chemicals, and in the past, as a pesticide. With this low boiling point, acrylonitrile is sometimes referred to as a volatile compound, which means that the liquid acrylonitrile molecules readily escape into the gas phase and evaporate. If you work in an industry that uses acrylonitrile, please read chemical labels and the accompanying Safety Data Sheets for hazard information. [4] In terms of its molecular structure, it consists of a vinyl group linked to a nitrile. The reactants pass through the reactor only once, before being quenched in aqueous sulfuric acid. 26 0 obj <> endobj

Saving Lives, Protecting People, Occupational Safety and Health Guideline for Acrylonitrile, New Jersey Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet: Acrylonitrile, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Managing Chemical Safety in the Workplace, NIOSHTIC-2 search results on acrylonitrile, Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH) Value Profile: Acrylonitrile, Criteria for a Recommended Occupational Exposure Standard for Acrylonitrile, Current Intelligence Bulletin 18: Acrylonitrile, NIOSH Skin Notation (SK) Profile: Acrylonitrile, Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical: Supplement I-OHG, ATSDR Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs) for Acrylonitrile, ATSDR Toxicological Profile for Acrylonitrile, EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS): Acrylonitrile, NTP Report on Carcinogens (Fourteenth Edition): Acrylonitrile, OSHA Occupational Chemical Database: Acrylonitrile, OSHA Medical Surveillance Guidelines: Acrylonitrile, OSHA Substance Technical Guidelines: Acrylonitrile, American Cancer Society: Known and Possible Human Carcinogens, Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS): Acrylonitrile, European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): Acrylonitrile, International Chemical Safety Cards: Acrylonitrile, IPCS INCHEM Concise International Chemical Assessment Document 39: Acrylonitrile, IPCS INCHEM Environmental Health Criteria 28: Acrylonitrile, IPCS INCHEM Health and Safety Guide 1: Acrylonitrile, OECD Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Workers involved in the manufacturing of acrylic fibers and plastics, Employees who work in the coatings and adhesive industries, Workers in the manufacture of other chemicals like adiponitrile, Factory workers producing nitrile rubber products. [8], Acrylonitrile has been detected in the atmosphere of Titan, a moon of Saturn. ABS is notable for its use in the construction of Lego bricks, but it's also used for things like golf club heads, protective head gear, and automotive bumpers.

[5] In fact, the 2008–2009 acetonitrile shortage was caused by a decrease in demand for acrylonitrile. Acrylonitrile is a colorless, liquid, man-made chemical with a sharp, onion or garlic-like odor.

It is used to make certain plastics, rubbers, and chemicals, and in the past, as a pesticide.
[9][10][11] Computer simulations suggest that on Titan conditions exist such that the compound could form structures similar to cell membranes and vesicles on Earth. It may cause cancer. Create your account, Already registered? Routes of exposure include inhalation, oral, and to a certain extent dermal uptake (tested with volunteer humans and in rat studies). It turns out that acrylonitrile itself can be polymerized into a substance called 'polyacrylonitrile'.
Let's start by introducing acrylonitrile before we move on to other topics. Because acrylonitrile evaporates quickly, it is most likely to be found in the air around chemical plants where it is made. Almost all PAN resins are copolymers made from mixtures of monomers with acrylonitrile as the main monomer. Acrylonitrile and derivatives, such as 2-chloroacrylonitrile, are dienophiles in Diels–Alder reactions. [21], It evaporates quickly at room temperature (20 °C) to reach dangerous concentrations; skin irritation, respiratory irritation, and eye irritation are the immediate effects of this exposure. It is a colorless volatile liquid although commercial samples can be yellow due to impurities. Acrylonitrile (CH₂=CHCN) is a toxic, colorless to pale-yellow liquid, harmful to the eyes, skin, lungs, and nervous system. Create an account to start this course today.

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