when was the stoa of attalos built

Between 1952–1958 the Stoa was reconstructed. The Stoa of Attalos—a covered promenade of shop stalls, a precursor to the modern-day mall—was built by the King of Pergamon in the second century. The building is similar in its basic design to the Stoa that Attalos' brother, and predecessor as king, Eumenes II, had erected on the south slope of the Acropolis next to the theatre of Dionysus. It was built by and named after King Attalos II of Pergamon, who ruled between 159 BC and 138 BC.

Outside the Pergamene kingdom, this leaf-capital seems to occur only in the Stoas of Attalos and Eumenes at Athens." The stoa was in frequent use until its woodwork was burned by the Heruli in AD 267. The Stoa of Attalos in Athens was built by Attalos II of Pergamon (r. 159-138 BCE) and stands reconstructed in the Agora today. The Stoa of Attalos is part of the Ancient Agora site in Athens, built around 150 BC by the king of Pergamon Attalos II, as a gift to the city of Athens for the education he received there.

It was built by Attalos II (159 BC - 138 BC) as a gift to the Greeks made with Pentalic and Hymettus marble, and … The original Stoa was built between 159 and 138 BC by order of king Attalos II. Museum of the Ancient Agora: [4], The building was reconstructed on the original foundations but in order to facilitate its new role as a museum some changes were made to the basement storage area, window sizes and door positions while some internal walls were eliminated. The construction of the building began in 159 BC and ended in 138 BC. [4] The building incorporated as much of the original structure and materials as possible. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Although the stoae have different functions. Each story had two aisles and twenty-one rooms lining the western wall. [4] The plans were drawn by John Travlos, architect of the Agora excavations, while the reconstruction was supervised by the New York architecture firm of W. Stuart Thompson & Phelps Barnum. Make me an Ambassador! What he gave the city was an elaborate stoa, a large two-storeyed double colonnade with rows of shops behind the colonnades. There were stairways leading up to the second story at each end of the stoa. All rights reserved.

It was destroyed in 267 AD when the Heruli sacked Athens.

Babili, Ava. It was built by Attalos II (159 BC - 138 BC) as a gift to the Greeks made with Pentalic and Hymettus marble, and …

Grow your travel business and get new leads from interested customers. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Typical of the Hellenistic age, the stoa was more elaborate and larger than the earlier buildings of ancient Athens and had two rather than the normal one storeys. [4] The two floors were connected externally by two stairs that formed at either end of the arcade.

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The ground floor facade was formed by a colonnade with 64 Doric columns, while along the lengthwise axis of the building there was a second series of 32 columns of the Ionic order. Original image by Ava Babili. This image was first published on Flickr. It was built by and named after King Attalos II of Pergamon, who ruled between 159 BC and 138 BC. A dedicatory inscription engraved on the architrave states that it was built by Attalos II, who was ruler of Pergamon. Its exhibits are mostly connected with the Athenian democracy. [citation needed], The Stoa was formally dedicated on 3 September 1956 at an event attended by members of the royal family, the Archbishop of Athens, various politicians and members of the public.

With the exception of the reconstruction of the Panathenaic Stadium in 1895–1896 the rebuilding of the Stoa of Attalos was the most ambitious reconstruction of a freestanding ancient building carried out in Athens to that time. [4], In 1957 the Greek state assumed responsibility for the administration and security of the museum and the archaeological site.

The Stoa of Eumenes was a Hellenistic colonnade built on the South slope of the Acropolis, Athens and which lay between the Theater of Dionysus and the Odeon of Herodes Atticus The gallery was donated to the city of Athens by the king of Pergamon, Eumenes II (197–159 BC), around 160 BC. The Stoa of Attalos (also spelled Attalus) was a stoa (covered walkway or portico) in the Agora of Athens, Greece.

[5]. It is now a museum of the things found on the Ancient Agora. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.

Each story had two aisles and twenty-one rooms lining the western wall. Greek civil engineer George Biris served as consulting engineer.

Attic red-figure kylix, 5th BC, Statue of a goddess, probably Aphrodite (early 4th century BC), Acroterial statue of Winged Nike, flying to the right (4th BC), The Kleroterion was used for the jury selection system in Athens, Theatre mask, dating from the 4th/3rd century BC, Coordinates: 37°58′30″N 23°43′27″E / 37.97500°N 23.72417°E / 37.97500; 23.72417, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stoa_of_Attalos&oldid=986244291, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 17:32. It was built by and named after King Attalos II of Pergamon, who ruled between 159 … Most of the architectural members of the arcade would likely have been built in Pergamon and shipped to Athens. In a sense, this is a gift from a loyal alumnus, and what he gave the Athenians was a shopping mall. The Doric order was used for the exterior colonnade on the ground floor with Ionic for the interior colonnade.

onwards for a variety of purposes. In the middle of the 13th century, the northern retaining wall of the arcade was incorporated into the Rizokastro Wall built around the Acropolis rock.[7]. Recreation / Outdoor near Stoa of Attalos. Amphora with bird procession. In this later period it must have been occupied by residencies as well, judging from the numerous water wells that sprinkled t… The Doric order was used for the exterior colonnade on the ground floor with Ionic for the interior colonnade. The main difference is that Attalos' stoa had a row of rooms at the rear on the ground floor that have been interpreted as shops.

), who studied in Athens under the philosopher Karneades before becoming king. The building skillfully makes use of different architectural orders.

A substantial part of its northern wall, which is made from breccia and limestone and faced with Hymettian and Pentelic marble, is still preserved. It was destroyed in 267 AD when the Heruli sacked Athens. Geometric period, 750-725 BC, Casserole and brazier (6th/4th century BC), Woman kneeling before an altar.

There were stairways leading up to the second story at each end of the stoa. A map of the Athenian Agora in the 5th century BCE.

The stoa is identified as a gift to the city of Athens, for the education that Attalos received there. 47), built during the reign of Attalos II of Pergamon (159–138 B.C.

We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The Stoa of Attalos houses the Museum of the Ancient Agora. The collection of the museum includes clay, bronze and glass objects, sculptures, coins and inscriptions from the 7th to the 5th century BC, as well as pottery of the Byzantine period and the Turkish conquest. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Do you know this place? [3], In 1948 Homer Thompson (who was field director of the Agora excavations from 1946–1967 being undertaken by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA) proposed that the Stoa of Attalos be reconstructed to serve as a museum to house archaeological finds. [2] The ruins became part of a fortification wall, which made it easily seen in modern times. Last modified November 11, 2020. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom.

Stoa of Attalos, Athens. The ruins of the Stoa of Eumenes were uncovered by the Archaeological Society of Athens in the years 1877-78. During its heyday, the stoa was a cultural, social and commercial hub, housing all kinds of shops leased by the State of Athens, being, in this respect, a type of an “ancient shopping mall”; it was a vibrant place where the Athenian citizens gathered socially, while shopping. Its … The stoa was a gift to the city of Athens for the education that Attalos received there under the philosopher Carneades. What's the story The site has been occupied since Neolithic times, with evidence of a settlement and cemetery dated to 3000 BC. It is worth mentioning that the building was the largest in length during that time in Greece.

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